Kerala is an Indian state located on the Malabar coast of south-west India. It was formed on 1 November 1956 by the States Reorganisation Act by combining various Malayalam speaking regions.Kerala is a top tourist destination in India.The Kerala Government Tourism Department, a government department in charge of promoting tourism has adopted the slogan God's Own Country for its campaigns.In the Western Ghats, bordering the eastern boundary of the State, form an almost continuous mountain wall, except near Palakkad where there is a natural mountain pass known as the Palakkad Gap..Palakkad is the gateway to Kerala due to the presence of the Palakkad Gap.Palakkad was also known as "Palakkattussery"
Palakkad is located in center of Kerala.it is bordered on the northwest by the Malappuram District, on the southwest by the Thrissur District and on the east by Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu.it was formed on 1 jan 1957.It is a predominantly rural district.In 1990 our Palakkad Town were renamed as Palghat.Palakkad District is one of the 14 districts of the Indian state of Kerala. it is belongs to malabar region, our population(2011) 2,810,892. The total area of the district is 4480 km� which is 11.5% of the state's area. Out of the total area of 4480 km�, about 1360 km� of land is covered by forests. Most parts of the district fall in the midland region (elevation 75�250 m), except the Nelliampathy-Parambikulam area in the Chittur taluk in the south and Attappadi-Malampuzha area in the north, which are hilly and fall in the highland region (elevation >250 m). Some of the notable peaks in the district are Anginda (2325 m), Karimala (1998 m), Nellikotta or Padagiri (1585 m) and Karimala Gopuram (1439 m).Palakkad is one of the hottest places in Kerala.Agriculture is the main occupation. The most prominent crop is rice. Palakkad is known as the Rice Bowl of Kerala.Tamarind, Neem, Mango and Palm trees are seen in abundance in Palakkad, as in Tamil Nadu. The district is a major centre of export for mangoes and tamarind. Jaggery, which is unrefined sugar, is made from sugarcane in Chittur Taluk.The only big city in the district is the district head quarters, Palakkad.
Malampuzha dam garden is situated on the lower hills of the Western Ghats. A large irrigation dam on the Bharatapuzha river, at the base of the Western Ghats. There are beautiful gardens, an amusement park for children and a boating facility on the reservoir.There is a swimming pool and facilities for boating in the canal and in the reservoir. A small garden in Japanese style, gives a touch of exotic charm to the landscape. So too does the hanging bridge across the canal. The only ropeway in south India is another attraction of Malampuzha garden. The ropeway is equipped with 64 chairs each with the capacity of two persons. Other items of interest in the park is the imposing concrete sculpture of Yakshi, the divine enchantress, by the renowned sculptor, Kanai Kunhiraman.
Silent Valley National Park, located in Northern part of Kerala in the Western Ghats, is a rare and unspoilt evergreen ecosystem. Contiguous to the Mukkurthi Tahr National Park, the Reserve Forests of Attappady and Amarambalam areas, Silent Valley is a core area of the Niligiri Biosphere Reserve. Characterised by lush tropical greenery, undulating slopes, high hills, vertical stone cliffs, and rivers, Silent Valley National Park is a beautiful wildlife tourism destination. In addition to unspoilt wildlife including the endangered Lion-tailed Macaques, Silent Valley is known for the rare and unique herbs and plants. The park has been a battleground for environmentalists and owes its existence to their effort in preventing the construction of a dam across the Kuntipuzha River which threatened to submerge a substantial portion of the park.Silent Valley National Park is part of the Project Elephant initiative.
Nelliyampathy is one of the little famous hill stations of South India. This beautiful culture holiday spot is situated 52 km from Palakkad. Nelliyampathy is blest with ever green forests with number of wild animals like elephants, hill squirrels and bison. The rambling tea gardens, coffee, cardamom and orange plantation add beauty to this tremendous summer destination.
When riding towards Nelliyampathy, one has to manage a dozen hairpin bends that renders breathtaking watches of valleys and mountains with thick green forests. Seetha Kundu, Kesavanpara and Mampara are the outstanding view points that render bird's eye view of the entire Sahya mountain ranges. Nelliyampathy is linked with roads from Palakkad and Coimbatore. Although there are bus services available, their frequency is very less. Employing a car from Palakkad or Coimbatore would be an apotheosis solution.
Nelliyampathy is the complete holiday destination for eco tourism and farm tourism. Posturing at an elevation of 1585 m above the mean sea level on Western Ghats, Nelliyampathy is an attractive place. Vellachimudi, Mayanmudi, Valiyavana and Vela Vanchan are some of the important peaks in this mountain range. According to some historians, a rich civilization survived in Nelliyampathy during Tamil Sangam Era. Padagiri is the highest peak located on the Nellikotta mountain ranges.
Parambikkulam is an oasis of tranquil greenery nestled in a valley between the Anamalai ranges of Tamilnadu and the Nelliyampathy ranges of Kerala. The Parambikkulam Tiger Reserve spreads over an area of 285 sq km in the Western Ghats.
The sanctuary offers an exotic experience of the rare fauna and flora of Kerala. Quite a few hill tribes, like the Malayars, the Kadars and the Muthuvans also live in the jungles of Parambikkulam. The fauna here include Nilgiri langur, Lion-tailed macaque, tiger, Nilgiri tahr, Asian elephant, Spotted deer, Indian wild dog, several species of snakes and spiders, and innumerable bird species. The sanctuary also has a variety of trees mainly teak, neem, sandalwood and rosewood. The oldest teak tree 'Kannimari' stands tall here. Boat cruises can be arranged in the Parambikkulam Reservoir. Trekking in the sanctuary is possible with the permission of forest officials. There is a tree-house in the Reserve Forest area in Thoonakkadavu, the headquarters of Parambikkulam, which has to be booked in advance. The Rest Houses of the State Forest Department at Thoonakkadavu, Thellikkal and Elathode offer comfortable lodging.
Dhoni is situated in Dhoni hills in Palakkad districts. A reserve forest area about 15 km. from Palakkad. This forest has many interesting sights including a small but splendid waterfall.The water from here flow to reach the Malampuzha dam. Near to the mountain lies a temple and the people believe that it was constructed by Goddess for Lord Shiva. The site can be reached after a fairly long climb of three hours from the base of the Dhoni hillsDhoni, which is offers stunning views of the evergreen forests and fabulous waterfalls. The waterfalls site provides a good opportunity for trekkers, as it takes 3 hours of mountain climbing to reach here. Dhoni is also well known for its farm house that contains hundreds of cattle of high breed..